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Useful Tropical Plants

Alchornea latifolia

Sw.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Alchornea cyclophylla Croizat

Alchornea glandulosa Poit. ex Baill.

Alchornea haitiensis Urb.

Alchornea platyphylla Müll.Arg.

Alchornea polyantha Pax & K.Hoffm.

Alchornea similis Müll.Arg.

Manettia serrata Spreng. ex Schult. & Schult.f.

Common Name:

Alchornea latifolia
Tree
Photograph by: O. M. Montiel
Creative Commons License
Alchornea latifolia Alchornea latifolia Alchornea latifolia

General Information

Alchornea latifolia is an evergreen tree with a moderately open crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall. The bole is often crooked, with a small buttress in larger specimens; it can be around 40cm in diameter with specimens up to 70cm recorded[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood. It is grown to provide shade in plantations, makes a good pioneer species for restoring native woodland and is sometimes grown as an ornamental and to provide shade[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Windward Islands to Cuba.

Habitat

Moist and wet rainforests, most commonly in openings and in secondary formations[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateMedium
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropics, growing at elevations from sea level to 1,600 metres. It is found in areas where the mean annual rainfall is within the range 1,300 - 4,000mm, generally in areas with year-round rainfall but tolerating short dry seasons of around a month[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. The mean monthly temperate ranges from 22 - 27°c[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Succeeds in a range of soils, from sandy loams to clays, though generally they should be moist but well-drained. It is frequently found on subsoils that are anaerobic due to high rainfall, but does not tolerate swampy soils[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Tolerates a pH from 4.5 - 7[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Although plants are often damaged by strong winds, they are seldom thrown and quickly recover from the crown damage[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Young trees have a moderate rate of growth, reaching about 1 metre tall after a year and 1.4 metres after 2 years[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Plants can be coppiced - abundant epicormic branching results when crowns are damaged and light reaches the lower bole[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The plant has well-developed lateral roots, often protruding above ground in clay soils[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is an abundant producer of seeds and these germinate freely if the canopy is disturbed - as often happens in the hurricane areas in which it grows[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. It also supplies food for bird and bat species. This makes the plant a natural pioneer species for restoring native woodland, though the mortality rate of the young plants can be quite high[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
The plant is sometimes grown to provide shade in coffee plantations[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Other Uses

The wood is cream to pale tan in colour, with reddish-brown canals throughout. Texture is medium; lustre is low; growth rings are not clearly visible. The wood is moderately light in weight; fairly soft; moderately strong for its weight; not durable, being susceptible to attacks by dry-wood termites and other insects. The rate of air-seasoning and amount of degrade are moderate. The wood saws and planes easily; in other machining operations, care must be taken to avoid a fuzzy surface; there is little splitting during screwing and nailing; it glues well. It is often not available in suitably large sizes, but is suitable for utility carpentry, posts, boxes, crates, toys, dunnage, match splints, interior furniture parts, utility plywood, chipboard etc[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe, though it can be air-dried and stored refrigerated in a sealed container[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Sprouting commences after about 31 days, with around 79% germinating[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Cuttings - a very low percentage root.
Air layering - the plant produces adventitious roots from wounds when growing in wet forests and so air layering is probably possible[
789
Title
Alchornea latifolia Sw. Achiotillo. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 60).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30406
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Alchornea latifolia. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-11-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Alchornea+latifolia>

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