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Useful Tropical Plants

Albizia guachapele

(Kunth) Dugand

Fabaceae


This name is not universally accepted. We are following the treatment in 'A taxonomic study of Albizia(Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America'[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
], but some authorities use the name Pseudosamanea guachapele (Kunth) Harms (treated here as a synonym)[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Acacia guachapele Kunth

Albizia longepedata (Pittier) Britton & Rose ex Record

Lysiloma guachapele (Kunth) Benth.

Pithecellobium guachapele (Kunth) J.F.Macbr.

Pithecellobium guachapele (Kunth) R.S.Cowan

Pithecellobium longepedatum Pittier

Pithecellobium samaningua (Pittier) J.F.Macbr.

Pseudosamanea guachapele (Kunth) Harms

Samanea samanigua Pittier

Common Name:

Albizia guachapele
Flowers
Photograph by: O. M. Montiel
Creative Commons License
Albizia guachapele Albizia guachapele Albizia guachapele

General Information

Albizia guachapele is a tree with a rounded, spreading crown; it usually grows 10 - 20 metres tall, exceptionally to 50 metres[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
]. The tree grows rapidly and develops a large, well-formed bole with only insignificant buttresses[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].
The tree produces a good quality timber with a high proportion of heartwood, it is widely appreciated within its native range where it is commonly harvested from the wild. The tree is also a source of dyestuff and is often left standing to provide shade in plantations when the forest is cleared for agriculture[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.

Range

S. America - Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama to Mexico, mainly along the Pacific coast.

Habitat

Seasonal deciduous woodland and at the dry edges of gallery forest, surviving as a shade tree in pastures and along hedgerows, usually at elevations up to 500 metres, but ascending to 3,000 metres in Colombia[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusSemi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of low to high elevations in the tropics, usually found below 500 metres, but up to 3,000 metres in Colombia. It requires a mean annual rainfall within the range 600 - 2,400mm, usually growing in areas with a dry season of up to 7 months[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
].
Requires a sunny position, though young seedlings can tolerate some shade for their first two years[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Found in the wild on soil types ranging from sandy loam to gravel and rocks[
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
]. Requires a well-drained soil[
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
]. Very tolerant of shallow, infertile soils[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
], though it grows best in deep, fertile soils[
1535
Title
Establishment, growth and biomass production of 10 tree woody species introduced for reforestation and ecological re
Publication
Forest Ecology and Management xxx (2006) xxx–xxx
Author
Foroughbakhch R. et al
Website
http://10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.012
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]..
A fast-growing tree[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
]. When grown in the open this species develops a poor form for timber use, with a short bole and a wide spreading crown. However, if grown at a high density, and with artificial pruning during the first four years, it will develop a good bole for timber[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The tree is often left to provide shade when the forest is cleared for agriculture[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
].
The plant can survive forest fires[
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is used to provide shade in coffee plantations[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
,
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
].
The flowers are a good source of forage for bees[
1535
Title
Establishment, growth and biomass production of 10 tree woody species introduced for reforestation and ecological re
Publication
Forest Ecology and Management xxx (2006) xxx–xxx
Author
Foroughbakhch R. et al
Website
http://10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.012
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

A golden dye is obtained from the yellowish-brown heartwood[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The heartwood is a uniform yellowish-brown or rich brown with a golden lustre; it is sharply demarcated from the narrow band of whitish sapwood. The grain is sometimes straight, but generally interlocked and producing a stripe figure on radial surfaces; the texture is medium to coarse, uniform. The wood is rated durable to very durable upon exposure to both white-rot and brown-rot fungi. It air-seasons moderately fast with some warping and slight checking; shrinkage is low. The wood works easily with all tools; sawn surfaces are rather woolly, but finish smoothly giving an attractive surface after sanding; it glues well. It is used in shipbuilding for planking, ribs, decking, railroad crossties, general construction, flooring, decorative veneers and furniture components. Weathering characteristics are excellent[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
,
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. A high germination rate can usually be expected[
731
Title
A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America
Publication
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid. Vol. 65(2): 255-305
Author
Rico Arce M. De L.; Gale S.L.; Maxted N.
Publisher
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid; Madrid.
Year
2008
ISBN
0211-1322
Description
A comprehensive treatment of the 12 species of Albizia found in Central America.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-03-07. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Albizia+guachapele>

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