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Useful Tropical Plants

Agonandra brasiliensis

Miers ex Benth. & Hook.f.

Opiliaceae

+ Synonyms

Agonandra duckei Huber ex Ducke

Agonandra granatensis Rusby

Agonandra lacera Toledo

Agonandra macedoi Toledo

Common Name: Ivory Wood Tree

Agonandra brasiliensis
Ripening fruits
Photograph by: Antonio Sergio
Creative Commons License
Agonandra brasiliensis Agonandra brasiliensis Agonandra brasiliensis Agonandra brasiliensis

General Information

Ivory wood tree is a deciduous tree with a dense, oval crown; usually growing around 8 - 15 metres tall, though it can range from 3 - 30 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is 15 - 25cm in diameter with a thick, corky bark[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber and the oil that can be extracted from the seed. The wood is exported internationally. The tree is ornamental and has been recommended for planting[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Known Hazards

The wood contains a saponin which irritates mucous membranes[
407
Title
BoDD (Botanical Dermatology Database)
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief notes on a very wide range of plants that have reports of causing harm to the skin.
].

Botanical References

733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, north to Panama, Venezuela and the Guyanas.

Habitat

Sandy and calcareous terrains in semi-deciduous woodland[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Savannah and deciduous forest, sometimes in riparian forest[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height12.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a sunny position[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Established plants are at least somewhat drought tolerant[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The plant can flower and produce fruit all year round[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - cooked. Used for making marmalade[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The olive-green drupe can be up to 30mm long and 17mm wide[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The roots are rich in saponins. They are used to make a frothy drink known as 'poor man's beer'[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are used in baths as a treatment for rheumatism[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

A decoction of the bark is used as a treatment for colds, diarrhoea, and malaria[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The bark decoction is used externally as a wash for treating skin infections[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
An extract of the bark is strongly molluscicidal[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The roots are used as a purgative[
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. The seed contains over 50% of a viscous oil[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

The bark produces a cork up to 4cm thick[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

An extract of the bark is strongly moluscicidal[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

The straw-coloured wood is heavy, hard, straight-grained with a fine texture[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
733
Title
Opiliaceae. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World, Part 12: 1-71
Publication
 
Author
Hiepko P.
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Switze
Year
2008
ISBN
978-2-8277-0451-4
Description
An excellent monograph, part of a very ambitious project to catalogue all the plants in the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It has moderate mechanical properties, but is somewhat susceptible to rot[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. A substitute for satinwood, it is used in carving, cabinet making, lathe work, flooring blocks, furniture, decorative items, cart wheels etc[
407
Title
BoDD (Botanical Dermatology Database)
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief notes on a very wide range of plants that have reports of causing harm to the skin.
,
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The wood is a source of fuel and charcoal[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a semi-shaded position in a nursery bed or individual containers[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The seed usually sprouts in 70 - 80 days, with a medium percentage germinating[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

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