Barisma serratifolia (Vent.) Willd.
Barosma crenulata (L.) Hook.
Common Name: Buchu
Buchu is an aromatic, evergreen shrub growing up to 2.5 metres tall.
A commonly used traditional S. African herbal remedy, it is widely cultivated for medicinal use in S. Africa. The dried herb is traded internationally.
S. Africa - southwestern Cape Province.
]. Cool sheltered ravines of middle mountain slopes and valleys, usually in heavy soils and near streams[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Plants require a minimum temperature no lower than about 5°c[
Requires a lime-free, moisture-retentive but well-drained soil in a sunny position[
The plants are extremely aromatic, filling the surrounding area with their scent[
The strongly aromatic leaves are used in making a brandy[
]. An extract of the leaves is an ingredient of a herbal wine[
Buchu is a strongly aromatic herb that has been shown to stimulate and cleanse the urinary system, and increase perspiration[
]. The plant contains an essential oil, the principal active ingredient of which is diosphenol, which is a potent diuretic and antiseptic[
]. The oil also contains limonene, menthone, isomenthon, pulegone and isopulegone
The leaves are used internally in the treatment of urinary tract infections (especially prostatitis and cystitis), digestive problems, gout, rheumatism, coughs and colds[
Externally, the leaves are used in traditional medicine as a powder to deter insects and in a vinegar-based lotions to soothe bruises and sprains[
The leaves are harvested when the plant is flowering, and can be dried for later use[
Research has shown that the plant contains a substance that blocks ultra-violet light, and may have applications in skin preparations[
The dried leaves are powdered and used as an insect repellent[
Cuttings of semi-ripe wood.
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