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Useful Tropical Plants

Agastache mexicana xolocotziana

Bye, Linares & T.Ram.

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Toronjil Blanco

No Image.

General Information

Agastache mexicana xolocotziana is an erect herbaceous, perennial plant producing a cluster of branched stems up to 150cm tall from slender, slowly-spreading rhizomes[
1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.
].
The plant is a popular medicinal herb in Mexico, where it is sold in local markets and also in national markets. The plant is cultivated in gardens and also commercially on a small scale both for local use and for sale[
1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.

Range

Southwestern N. America - central Mexico

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsBees, Butterflies, Humming birds
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Agastache mexicana xolocotziana is usually found at elevations above 2,000 metres in the subtropical to tropical regions of central Mexico. It is found in an area where the mean annual temperature ranges from 12 - 16°c; the temperature rarely falls below 3°c, nor does it often rise above 30°c. Very occasional frosts are experienced - the very lowest temperature ever recorded was -4.4°c. Precipitation is around 820mm; it is heavily concentrated in the summer months, with a dry season of around 7 months.
Prefers a warm sunny sheltered position and a well-drained soil. Succeeds in most soils so long as they are well-drained.

Edible Uses

The aromatic young leaves are used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods[
183
Title
Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications
Year
1990
ISBN
0-9628087-0-9
Description
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
].
The herb, both fresh or dried, is drunk as an aromatic tea after meals[
1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.
]. A subtle, lemon fragrance[
1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.
].

Medicinal

An infusion of the plant, both fresh or dried, is valued in treating various gastrointestinal, nervous, and cardiovascular ailments[
1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.
].
The plant is harvested for drying as it comes into flower since this is when it is most aromatic[
1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.
].

Although this subspecies shares some common chemical constituents with Agastache mexicana, it also has a number of unique compounds:-
Breviflorine is a clerodane-type diterpenoid.
Chrysine and Pratol are flavonoids.
The essential oil is principally formed of Bornil Acetate[
1058
Title
Phytologia Vol. 62 No. 3
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Moldenke H.N. & A.L.
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal devoted to the valid publication of new taxa.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in a container and only just cover the seed. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 13°c[
133
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1987
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Division - fairly simple, if large divisions are used it is possible to plant them straight out into their permanent positions.
Basal cuttings of young shoots[
111
Title
Popular Hardy Perennials.
Publication
 
Author
Sanders. T. W.
Publisher
Collingridge
Year
1926
ISBN
-
Description
A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.
]. Harvest the young shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm tall and pot them up in a lightly shaded position. They should root within 3 weeks and can be planted out as soon as they are large enough.

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