Agastache mexicana xolocotziana
Common Name: Toronjil Blanco
Agastache mexicana xolocotziana is an erect herbaceous, perennial plant producing a cluster of branched stems up to 150cm tall from slender, slowly-spreading rhizomes[
The plant is a popular medicinal herb in Mexico, where it is sold in local markets and also in national markets. The plant is cultivated in gardens and also commercially on a small scale both for local use and for sale[
Southwestern N. America - central Mexico
|Pollinators||Bees, Butterflies, Humming birds
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Agastache mexicana xolocotziana is usually found at elevations above 2,000 metres in the subtropical to tropical regions of central Mexico. It is found in an area where the mean annual temperature ranges from 12 - 16°c; the temperature rarely falls below 3°c, nor does it often rise above 30°c. Very occasional frosts are experienced - the very lowest temperature ever recorded was -4.4°c. Precipitation is around 820mm; it is heavily concentrated in the summer months, with a dry season of around 7 months.
Prefers a warm sunny sheltered position and a well-drained soil. Succeeds in most soils so long as they are well-drained.
The aromatic young leaves are used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods[
The herb, both fresh or dried, is drunk as an aromatic tea after meals[
]. A subtle, lemon fragrance[
An infusion of the plant, both fresh or dried, is valued in treating various gastrointestinal, nervous, and cardiovascular ailments[
The plant is harvested for drying as it comes into flower since this is when it is most aromatic[
Although this subspecies shares some common chemical constituents with Agastache mexicana, it also has a number of unique compounds:-
Breviflorine is a clerodane-type diterpenoid.
Chrysine and Pratol are flavonoids.
The essential oil is principally formed of Bornil Acetate[
Seed - sow in a container and only just cover the seed. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 13°c[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Division - fairly simple, if large divisions are used it is possible to plant them straight out into their permanent positions.
Basal cuttings of young shoots[
]. Harvest the young shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm tall and pot them up in a lightly shaded position. They should root within 3 weeks and can be planted out as soon as they are large enough.
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