Afzelia bequaertii De Wild.
Afzelia caudata Hoyle
Pahudia bequaertii (De Wild.) Dewit
Open seedpod with bi-coloured seeds
Photograph by: Tariq Stévart
Creative Commons 3
Afzelia bipindensis is a large tree growing from 15 - 40 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 20 metres tall and 140cm in diameter, with short buttresses of less than 1 metre[
The tree is heavily exploited throughout its native range for timber, which is traded internationally. The tree also has local medicinal uses and is sometimes grown for ornament and shade[
It is reported that, in some areas, few seed trees remain[
]. It has therefore been listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2009)[
Western Tropical Africa - Nigeria to Congo, south to Angola and Zambia.
Forests on firm ground; gallery forest or forest patches in savannah; rain-forest at elevations around 900 metres[
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A tree of medium elevations in the moist tropics.
The sap is used to treat stomach troubles and ease pain[
The bark of most species in this genus is a source of tannins[
The heartwood is golden-brown to light red-brown, sometimes with darker veins; it is clearly demarcated from the 2 - 5cm wide band of yellowish sapwood. The texture is coarse; the grain straight or interlocked. The wood is light in weight, soft, durable to very durable, being resistant to termites and dry wood borers and very resistant to fungi. It seasons slowly, with a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dried it is stable in service. The wood is hard to cut, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good, but pre-boring is recommended; gluing is correct for internal use; filling is recommended to obtain a good finish. A valuable timber, the wood has a wide range of uses, including for ship building, construction, interior and exterior joinery and panelling, cabinetwork, cooperage, shingles etc[
Vegetative propagation by budding/grafting could be feasible[
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