Aframomum baumannii K.Schum.
Aframomum hanburyi K.Schum.
Aframomum sanguineum (K.Schum.) K.Schum.
Amomum angustifolium Sonn.
Amomum clusii Sm.
Amomum clusii T.Hanb.
Amomum erythrocarpum Ridl.
Amomum madagascariense Lam.
Amomum melegueta (Gaertn.) Giseke
Amomum nemorosum Bojer
Amomum sanguineum K.Schum.
Amomum sansibaricum Werth
Cardamomum angustifolium (Sonn.) Kuntze
Cardamomum clusii (Sm.) Kuntze
Cardamomum melegueta Kuntze
Marogna paludosa Salisb.
Zingiber melegueta Gaertn.
Madagascar cardamom is a herbaceous perennial plant producing dense stands of leafy stems 1.5 - 4 metres tall from a tuberous rootstock[
The fruits and seeds are gathered from the wild for local use as a food and condiment. The plant is occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit and seed[
Drainage of swamps and cutting of riverine forests is a threat to this plant's survival[
Tropical Africa - Guinea to Ethiopia, south to Angola, Zambia, Mozambique. Also in Madagascar and the Seychelles.
Moist shady places in hill savannah[
]. Common in moist areas in forest undergrowth, in riverine vegetation or at swamp edges at elevations of 1,000 - 1,700 metres in Tanzania[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the moist tropics where it is usually found at medium elevations of 1,000 - 1,700 metres. It grows naturally in areas where the mean annual rainfall is in the range 900 - 2,200mm[
The plant is adaptable to various soil types, but does especially well in sandy clay loams and sandy loams[
The fruit ripens throughout the year[
The fruits are eaten raw[
]. The seeds are surrounded by masses of an agreeable, white, sweet-acid pulp inside 3 membranes[
]. The sweet, sugary pulp is frequently eaten as a snack - it is particularly liked by children[
]. The fruit is a round to oval, tough, orange-red-black berry 7 - 9cm long including the calyx beak[
The seeds are crushed and used as a spice like pepper[
]. They are also used in the Near East as an admixture to coffee[
The crushed seeds are boiled with the roots of Piper capensis and drunk as an aphrodisiac[
The dense stands formed by the plant are a favoured habitat for snakes, especially green mamba[
The stems are beaten and used as a rope[
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