Aegle barteri Hook.f. ex Oliv.
Balsamocitrus paniculata (Schumach. & Thonn.) Swingle
Citrus paniculata Schumach. & Thonn.
Limonia warneckei Engl.
Common Name: Nigerian Powder-Flask Fruit
Fruits - one cut open to show the seeds and flesh
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt
Nigerian powder-flask fruit is an evergreen, spiny shrub or tree growing up to 15 metres tall. The short bole usually branches within 150 - 200cm from the ground, it can be 25 - 40cm in diameter[
]. The tree has a rounded canopy comprised of numerous branches bearing very sharp, straight spines [
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood. It is often planted for its medicinal uses in the villages of Dahomey and Nigeria[
West tropical Africa - Senegal to Nigeria.
Lowland secondary thickets and fringes of the dense forest[
]. Savannah, (rarely) dry forest and edges; gallery forest; secondary thickets on coastal plains at elevations up to 500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
In the quasi-tropical coastal region near Miami, Florida, which has an unusual type of soil consisting largely of porous-limestone rock intermingled with fine sand or very sandy loam, this species, when well fertilized, makes extraordinary growth - a specimen growing near Coconut Grove, when only four or five years old and only 1.6 - 1.8 metres tall, had a lateral spread of 4.5 - 6 metres[
]. As it grew older, it became much taller but still had long branches[
The seeds are said to yield an edible oil[
Leaves - cooked[
]. The leaves are only used rarely[
The globose or obovoid fruit is as large as a big orange (6 - 8cm in diameter when mature), wrinkled on the surface, without odorous glands[
]. This report does not say that the fruit is edible[
The plant has a range of medicinal uses[
This species is being tested as a rootstock for the bael fruit, Aegle marmelos, a species which often does not grow well on its own roots[
The leaves are sometimes macerated and added to the water used for bathing[
The wood is used to make household, domestic and personal items[
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