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Useful Tropical Plants

Actiniopteris radiata

(Sw.) Link

Pteridaceae

+ Synonyms

Acropteris radiata (Sw.) Link

Acrostichum radiatum Poir.

Actiniopteris australis radiata (Sw.) C.Chr.

Asplenium polydactylon Webb

Asplenium radiatum Sw.

Pteris radiata (Sw.) Bojer

Common Name:

Actiniopteris radiata
Growing at the base of a rock, Hamerkop Kloof, Magaliesberg, South Africa
Photograph by: Androstachys
Creative Commons License
Actiniopteris radiata Actiniopteris radiata

General Information

Actiniopteris radiata is a small fern growing 10 - 15cm tall from a short, creeping rhizome. The fronds have fan-shaped leaves[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is often grown as an ornamental in gardens.

Known Hazards

Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. In small quantities this enzyme will do no harm to people eating an adequate diet that is rich in vitamin B, though large quantities can cause severe health problems. The enzyme is destroyed by heat or thorough drying, so cooking the plant will remove the thiaminase[
172
Title
Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest.
Publication
 
Author
Schofield. J. J.
Publisher
Alaska Northwest Books; Alaska
Year
2003
ISBN
0882403699
Description
A nice guide to some useful plants in that area.
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
500
Title
Flora of Somalia
Publication
 
Author
Thulin M. (Editor)
Publisher
Kew Publishing, London.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the plants of the region, often adding notes on the plants uses.
,
687
Title
Swaziland Ferns and Fern Allies
Publication
 
Author
Roux J.P.
Publisher
SABONET; Pretoria.
Year
2003
ISBN
1-919795-97-9
Description
Botanical descriptions of the ferns of Swaziland, sometimes including plant uses.

Range

Scattered through tropical Africa from Mali to Somalia, south to S. Africa; E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka.

Habitat

Epilithic or epiphytic, growing in sunny or lightly shaded conditions in rock crevices, at boulder bases, in shallow soil pockets overlaying sheet rock, and among low scrub, in seasonally moist conditions[
687
Title
Swaziland Ferns and Fern Allies
Publication
 
Author
Roux J.P.
Publisher
SABONET; Pretoria.
Year
2003
ISBN
1-919795-97-9
Description
Botanical descriptions of the ferns of Swaziland, sometimes including plant uses.
]. At elevations of 230 - 1,000 metres[
500
Title
Flora of Somalia
Publication
 
Author
Thulin M. (Editor)
Publisher
Kew Publishing, London.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the plants of the region, often adding notes on the plants uses.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitFern
Height0.12 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of drier areas in the tropics.
Thrives at higher light levels and lower humidity than most ferns, preferring bright, filtered sunlight[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The fronds shrivel and appear to be dead during times of drought, but rehydrate when the rains return[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is said to be anthelmintic, alterative and astringent. It is used in the treatment of prolonged malarial fevers and to arrest haemorrhages[
686
Title
American Fern Journal Vol.60
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
American Fern Society
Year
1970
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an article on the medicinal uses of Indian ferns. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Spores - they breed true to type, but great care should be taken with young sporophytes since these are slow to establish[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Division of offsets, though these are rarely produced[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The divisions must be kept in close and shady conditions until they are established[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Actiniopteris+radiata>

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