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Useful Tropical Plants

Achyrocline satureioides

(Lam.) DC.

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Achyrocline candicans (Kunth) DC.

Achyrocline vargasiana DC.

Gnaphalium candicans Kunth

Gnaphalium satureioides Lam.

Common Name: Macela

Achyrocline satureioides
Flowering plant in native habitat
Photograph by: Valerio Pillar
Creative Commons License
Achyrocline satureioides Achyrocline satureioides Achyrocline satureioides Achyrocline satureioides

General Information

Macela is a perennial plant with a woody rootstock, with stems that are woody at the base and up to 2 metres long[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
].
A popular herbal remedy in S. America, the plant is gathered from the wild for local medicinal use. It is sold in local markets in Peru[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
], and is sometimes cultivated in Brazil for its medicinal uses[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana.

Habitat

Dry, high and sunny soils. Also over rocks and road borders[
522
Title
Compositae Newsletter No. 43
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Swedish Museum of Natural History; Stockholm.
Year
2005
ISBN
0284-8422
Description
Contains a catalogue of the Asteraceae of Chacoan Plin, Argentina. Terse information on each species, often including notes on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Usually found in sandy soils at elevations below 2,000 metres[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.50 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Found in tropical and subtropical climates at elevations up to 2,000 metres.
Prefers a sandy soil[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Macela is a popular herbal medicine in many parts of S. America, where the whole plant, or sometimes just the flowers, it is commonly drunk as a tea. It is particularly valued for its beneficial effect upon the entire digestive system, but is also used to treat various other complaints.
Modern research has confirmed the presence of a number of medically active compounds in the plant, especially flavonoids and terpenes[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
In modern trials, the plant has demonstrated pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory, and smooth-muscle (gastrointestinal) relaxant properties internally without toxicity, in addition to anti-inflammatory and pain-relief actions externally[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
In vitro studies have demonstrated that macela is molluscicidal (in a test used to ascertain its effectiveness against the tropical disease schistosomiasis), and active against Salmonella, E. Coli, and Staphylococcus[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
The plant has also been shown to be a strong antioxidant, to increases the flow of bile from the gallbladder, to help protect against liver damage and to lower liver enzymes levels[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
A water extract of the entire plant has been shown to lower blood sugar levels - this hypoglycaemic action has been attributed to a novel plant chemical found in macela called achyrofuran[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
Macela has been reported to inhibit cancer cell growth in vitro, whilst an extract of the flowers has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells by 67% in vitro[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
Extracts of the whole dried plant have shown strong immuno-stimulant activity by increasing phagocytosis and immune cell activity[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
The plant has also demonstrated antiviral properties against HIV and Pseudorabies (a type of animal herpes virus)[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].

Traditionally, the plant is considered antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, bitter tonic, digestive, emmenagogue and sedative[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
,
522
Title
Compositae Newsletter No. 43
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Swedish Museum of Natural History; Stockholm.
Year
2005
ISBN
0284-8422
Description
Contains a catalogue of the Asteraceae of Chacoan Plin, Argentina. Terse information on each species, often including notes on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. An infusion is used in the treatment of a range of digestive disorders including indigestion, stomach-ache, nervous colic, diarrhoea, dysentery and nausea[
522
Title
Compositae Newsletter No. 43
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Swedish Museum of Natural History; Stockholm.
Year
2005
ISBN
0284-8422
Description
Contains a catalogue of the Asteraceae of Chacoan Plin, Argentina. Terse information on each species, often including notes on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is also used in the treatment of diabetes (type 2), epilepsy, liver problems, asthma and to regulate menstruation[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].
Applied externally, it is used to treat rheumatism, neuralgia, sore muscles, and even menstrual pain318].

The flower-heads are used in medicinal wines and bitters[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
The flowers are crushed and added to pillows as a natural sleeping aid (much in the same manner as hop flowers(Humulus lupulus))[
318
Title
Raintree Nutrition - Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -

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