Acalypha rubra Wight ex Wall.
Ricinocarpus ciliatus (Forssk.) Kuntze
Acalypha ciliata is an erect, scarcely-branched, annual herb growing up to about 85cm tall[
The leaves are sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. Use of this species for food seems to be diminishing, it being eaten mainly by old people or in times of shortage[
Tropical Africa - Mauritania to Ethiopia, south to Namibia and Mozambique; through Arabia to the Indian Subcontinent and Sri Lanka.
Cultivated land and forest shade[
]. Open and wooded grassland; in deciduous and coastal bushland. often in rocky or damp localities; near lakes and on flood plains, at elevations from sea level up to 1,650 metres[
The plant avoids the wettest regions of tropical Africa[
The plant is a common weed of cultivation, and is reported as a weed of rice-fields in Nigeria[
Leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
]. It is said to be eaten with okra (Abelmoschatus esculentus) or the leaves of Vigna unguiculata[
A decoction of the leaves is drunk as a remedy for female sterility[
The mashed leaves are applied as a dressing to sores[
An infusion of the root is taken to treat schistosomiasis[
The plant might have expectorant and emetic properties and be suitable as a substitute for Acalypha indica, which has numerous medicinal uses in India, and also for the well-known ipecacuanha (Carapichea ipecacuanha)[
A trace of alkaloid has been detected in the leaves of Nigerian material[
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