This name is not universally accepted. Some authorities treat it as a synonym of Acalypha villicaulis Hochst., but we are following the treatment in 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families', accepting the correct name for this species as Acalypha brachiata with Acalypha villicaulis treated as a synonym[
Acalypha chariensis Beille
Acalypha haplostyla Pax
Acalypha hirsuta Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Acalypha languida E.Mey.
Acalypha petiolaris Hochst. ex C.Krauss
Acalypha rehmannii Pax
Acalypha senegalensis Pax & K.Hoffm.
Acalypha senensis Klotzsch
Acalypha sidifolia A.Rich.
Acalypha tenuis MÃ¼ll.Arg.
Acalypha villicaulis Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Acalypha zambesica MÃ¼ll.Arg.
Ricinocarpus languidus Kuntze
Ricinocarpus petiolaris (Hochst. ex C.Krauss) Kuntze
Ricinocarpus senensis (Klotzsch) Kuntze
Ricinocarpus sidifolius (A.Rich.) Kuntze
Ricinocarpus tenuis (MÃ¼ll.Arg.) Kuntze
Ricinocarpus villicaulis (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Kuntze
Ricinocarpus zambesicus (MÃ¼ll.Arg.) Kuntze
Photograph by: JMK
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Acalypha brachiata is an erect perennial plant producing more or less woody stems up to 2 metres tall from a woody rootstock[
The plant is often harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Namibia, Botswana and S. Africa.
Woodland and grassland, and also in coastal and lakeshore grassland, sometimes in riverine and submontane forest, at elevations from sea-level to 2,200 metres[
The steam of a leaf decoction is inhaled to treat fever[
]. Leaf ash in water is taken to treat elephantiasis[
]. A leaf maceration is taken to treat epilepsy[
The chopped leaves, or an infusion of the leaves, are used to improve the healing of wounds and sores[
]. The pounded and heated leaves are applied to wasp stings[
The fresh or dried aerial parts are crushed and the decoction drunk to treat liver diseases[
The pounded leaves, twigs and flowers are applied to snakebites[
The roots are aphrodisiac and astringent. A decoction is widely used to treat diarrhoea, including bloody diarrhoea; it is also used in the treatment of coughs and asthma; to prevent premature ejaculation; as an abortifacient and contraceptive; and is given to children who suffer from burning urine[
The root powder, or a paste made with the powder and fat, is applied locally to treat itch[
]. The water in which roots are soaked is used to bathe constipated babies, whilst the water may also be drunk[
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