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Useful Tropical Plants

Acacia muricata

(L.) Willd.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Acacia nudiflora Willd.

Acacia rohriana DC.

Mimosa muricata L.

Mimosa nigricans Vahl

Senegalia muricata (L.) Britton & Rose

Common Name:

Acacia muricata
Drawing of the flowering stem
Photograph by: Vahl, M.H., Eclogae Americanae, Plates, t. 29 (1796-1807)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Acacia muricata is a small deciduous tree with a thin, open crown; it can grow up to 10 metres tall, perhaps taller. The bole can be up to 15cm in diameter[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
448
Title
Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Second Volume.
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Woodbury R.O.;Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 500 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The tree is sometimes used as a substitute for Leucaena leucocephala where that species is affected by psyllids. It is also sometimes grown as an ornamental.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Caribbean

Habitat

Moist forests at elevations up to 330 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height6.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



The plant flowers intermittently throughout the year, the fruits are persistent[
448
Title
Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Second Volume.
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Woodbury R.O.;Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 500 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

An alternative to Leucaena leucocephala (Lamk) de Wit where the latter is affected by psyllids[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. These uses are as follows:-
Plants are sometimes used in re-reforestation projects[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It is a fast growing plant with an extensive root system and has been used in land reclamation, for preventing soil erosion and as a shade plant for coffee crops[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It thrives on steep slopes and in marginal areas with extended dry seasons, making it a prime candidate for restoring forest cover, watersheds and grasslands[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
An aggressive taproot system helps break up compacted subsoil layers, improving the penetration of moisture into the soil and decreasing surface runoff[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
Leucaena was one of the first species to be used for the production of green manure in alley-cropping systems. The leaves, even with moderate yields, contain more than enough nitrogen to sustain a maize crop[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The finely divided leaves decompose quickly, providing a rapid, short-term influx of nutrients[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. It has even been suggested that the leaves decompose too rapidly, resulting in leaching of nutrients away from the crop-rooting zone before they are taken up by the crop[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. This also means that they have little value as mulch for weed control[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The tree has the potential to renew soil fertility and could be particularly important in slash-and-burn cultivation, as it greatly reduces the fallow period between crops[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is reddish-brown, the sapwood light brown. The wood is hard, heavy, strong and durable[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
448
Title
Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Second Volume.
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Woodbury R.O.;Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 500 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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