Acacia nudiflora Willd.
Acacia rohriana DC.
Mimosa muricata L.
Mimosa nigricans Vahl
Senegalia muricata (L.) Britton & Rose
Acacia muricata is a small deciduous tree with a thin, open crown; it can grow up to 10 metres tall, perhaps taller. The bole can be up to 15cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes used as a substitute for Leucaena leucocephala where that species is affected by psyllids. It is also sometimes grown as an ornamental.
Moist forests at elevations up to 330 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
The plant flowers intermittently throughout the year, the fruits are persistent[
An alternative to Leucaena leucocephala (Lamk) de Wit where the latter is affected by psyllids[
]. These uses are as follows:-
Plants are sometimes used in re-reforestation projects[
]. It is a fast growing plant with an extensive root system and has been used in land reclamation, for preventing soil erosion and as a shade plant for coffee crops[
]. It thrives on steep slopes and in marginal areas with extended dry seasons, making it a prime candidate for restoring forest cover, watersheds and grasslands[
An aggressive taproot system helps break up compacted subsoil layers, improving the penetration of moisture into the soil and decreasing surface runoff[
Leucaena was one of the first species to be used for the production of green manure in alley-cropping systems. The leaves, even with moderate yields, contain more than enough nitrogen to sustain a maize crop[
]. The finely divided leaves decompose quickly, providing a rapid, short-term influx of nutrients[
]. It has even been suggested that the leaves decompose too rapidly, resulting in leaching of nutrients away from the crop-rooting zone before they are taken up by the crop[
]. This also means that they have little value as mulch for weed control[
]. The tree has the potential to renew soil fertility and could be particularly important in slash-and-burn cultivation, as it greatly reduces the fallow period between crops[
The heartwood is reddish-brown, the sapwood light brown. The wood is hard, heavy, strong and durable[
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