Classification of the genus Acacia (in the wider sense) has been subject to considerable debate. It is generally agreed that there are valid reasons for breaking it up into several distinct genera, but disagreement in the way this should be done. As of 2012, it is generally agreed that this species should be transferred to Vachellia but, as yet, no valid combination has been made for this new name[
Acacia luederitzii is a small shrub branching from near the base or, more commonly, a tree with a crown that can be flattened and spreading, or more or less rounded; it can grow up to 15 metres tall. The bole is generally 15 - 30cm in diameter, though specimens up to 75cm have been recorded. The bark is very rough, longitudinally fissured on old trunks[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use. Best known as a source of quivers, the tree also provides a useful fibre and an edible gum.
Southern Africa - Namibia, southern Zambia, Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique, S. Africa.
Tree savannah, bush, scrub, thornveld, often associated with A. erioloba and other Acacia spp., particularly on Kalahari sand; often forming dense impenetrable thickets; at elevations from 700 - 1,070 metres[
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This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
A reddish-brown gum obained from the stems is eaten[
A fibre is obtained from the inner bark[
]. Fine cords can be made from it and are used for necklaces etc[
]. Unprocessed, broad strips of the inner bark are used for attaching thatch on traditional huts[
The root of this tree is traditionally used to make quivers for arrows[
]. A piece of wood about 40 - 60cm long is placed in the spent ashes of a warm fire and left overnight. The next morning, a short section of the bark of the root is removed at one end; a circular groove is carved into the exposed core wood; a piece of wire is wound around the groove at one end whist the other end is attached to a tree; the bark (having already been loosened from the wood by the drying action of the warm ashes) is then simply pulled whole off the root[
]. The core of wood remaining is then often used as a pestle[
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