This species is closely related to, often confused with, and also mislabelled as Acacia mellifera (which has a different distribution)[
Classification of the genus Acacia (in the wider sense) has been subject to considerable debate. It is generally agreed that there are valid reasons for breaking it up into several distinct genera, but disagreement in the way this should be done. As of 2012, it is generally agreed that this species should be transferred to Senegalia but, as yet, no valid combination has been made for this new name[
Acacia gourmaensis is a spiny, much-branched shrub or tree growing up to 7 metres tall[
]. The bark is thick and corky[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of fibre.
West tropical Africa - drier areas from Cote D'Ivoire to Nigeria.
Savannah on sand; 'mimosa scrub'; sometimes forming thorny thickets[
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A plant of drier areas in the tropics, where it is found in areas where the mean annual rainfall is within the range 600 - 1,250mm[
Prefers a humus-rich, loamy soil[
], being found especially on shallow hardpans[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The plant (part not specified) is used in the treatment of coughs, malaria and hepatic disorders[
Fibres obtained from the roots and inner bark are used for various kinds of wickerwork[
The seed of most, if not all, members of this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
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