If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Acacia ataxacantha

DC.

Fabaceae


Classification of the genus Acacia (in the wider sense) has been subject to considerable debate. It is generally agreed that there are valid reasons for breaking it up into several distinct genera, but disagreement in the way this should be done. As of 2012, it is generally agreed that this species should be transferred to Senegalia but, as yet, no valid combination has been made for this new name[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Acacia eriadenia Benth.

Acacia lugardiae N.E.Br.

Common Name:

Acacia ataxacantha
Flowering tree, growing on the southern slope of the Magaliesberg, South Africa
Photograph by: JMK
Creative Commons License
Acacia ataxacantha Acacia ataxacantha Acacia ataxacantha Acacia ataxacantha Acacia ataxacantha Acacia ataxacantha

General Information

Acacia ataxacantha is a spiny, multi-stemmed, woody plant that can be a scrambling shrub growing 3 - 5 metres tall; or can adopt a more climbing habit with stems up to 15 metres long that climb into the surrounding vegetation; or can sometimes become more tree-like, growing up to 10 metres tall with a bole 20 - 30cm in diameter[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of materials and medicines. It is often planted to form dense, impenetrable hedges.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Africa - drier areas from Mauritania to Sudan, Uganda and Kenya; south to Angola, Namibia to Mozambique and S. Africa.

Habitat

In drier areas, woodlands, wooded grassland, locally common on Kalahari and similar sands, sometimes in lowveld in riverine areas, forming thickets (Zimbabwe); riverine fringing vegetation; at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitShrub
Height10.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Young plants are frost tender[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
Prefers a moist soil, but the plant is fairly drought resistant[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
Initial growth of newly transplanted seedlings is slow, but then increases[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
There are conflicting reports on whether or not this tree has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, so it is unclear as to whether this tree fixes atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is used in traditional medicine to treat constipation and abdominal pains[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
The plant (part not specified) is used in traditional medicine to treat syphilis, boils, helminthiasis and wounds, headache, toothache, respiratory diseases[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

An excellent and much used hedge plant. It forms an impenetrable and attractive screen and is commonly used for security purposes[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Other Uses

The wood can be split into paper-like strips without cracking and these strips are commonly used as a weaving material for making baskets[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
The roots are also used in basketry, and have been traditionally used to make long-stem tobacco pipes[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

The bark is used for making strong ropes[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
,
774
Title
Trees and Shrubs of the Sahel. Their Characteristics and Uses.
Publication
 
Author
von Maydell H.
Publisher
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit; Germany
Year
1990
ISBN
3-8236-1198-4
Description
A well-researched book, usually with more than one photograph of each species and good information on the plant and its uses.
].

The heartwood is deep red brown; it is demarcated from wide band of creamy sapwood. It is said to be resistant to decay owing to gum deposits. As the stems are generally quite thin, the wood is mostly used for small implements and tools[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
]. The long, straight shoots are used as walking sticks, bows, poles etc[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and benefits from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. Germination of treated seeds should take place within 2 weeks[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Comments

Prof D.A. Dashak 12th May 2015 5:59
My experience with this plant is that cows and goats feed on it . i am suprised that no mention has been made of this in the literature i have surveyed.
Prof. D. A. Dashak 12th May 2015 6:09
My experience is that cows and goats feed on this plant. I have searched the literature and have not come across this. Wonder what must be wrong

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.