Abuta concolor Poepp. & Endl.
Abuta guyanensis Eichler
Anelasma concolor Miers
Anelasma gardnerianum Miers
Anelasma guianense Miers
Anelasma laurifolium Sagot
Anelasma martianum Miers
Anelasma pallidum Miers
Anelasma spruceanum Miers
Anelasma urophyllum Miers
Chaenostomum gardneri Miers ex Diels
Cocculus grandifolius Mart.
Cocculus grandifolius Perrot & Vogt
Cocculus laevigatus Mart.
Cocculus urophyllus Mart.
Trichoa concolor Endl.
Trichoa guyanensis Klotzsch, Eichler
Abuta grandifolia varies in habit according to habitat - in a sunny position it is likely to form a shrub or small tree growing up to 7 metres tall; in a more shady position it will often become a climbing shrub with vigorous, woody stems that can climb quite high into the forest trees[
The plant is often gathered from the wild for local use as a medicine and also for its edible fruit. The tree is often allowed to remain in cleared pasture in order to provide shade and also for its fruit[
The plant is poisonous and is an ingredient of the famous S. American toxin 'curare'[
Northern S. America - Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas.
Rain forests, especially secondary forests[
]. Lowland rainforest at elevations below 500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Semi-cultivated, Wild
A plant of mainly lowland areas in the moist tropics[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
]. The hard-skinned, yellow fruit is about 15mm in diameter[
The large root is acrid and bitter[
]. It has a high reputation as a digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, stomachic and tonic[
]. It is used in the treatment of liver complaints; bladder complaints; digestive complaints such as flatulence and colic; oedema and snake bites[
]. The roots are boiled in water as a remedy for anaemia[
The plant is used as a substitute for Chondrodendron platyphyllum, and is often mixed with that species.
An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of fevers[
The stem, bark and leaves are macerated in rum to make an aphrodisiac drink[
The plant contains the alkaloid palmatine and berberine derivatives[
The wood is used to make house rafters[
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