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Useful Tropical Plants

Abarema cochliacarpos

(Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes

Fabaceae


The species name is sometimes spelled Abarema cochliocarpos[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Inga nandinaefolia DC.

Mimosa cochliocarpos Gomes

Mimosa vago Vell.

Pithecellobium avaremotemo Mart.

Pithecellobium cochliocarpum (Gomes) J.F.Macbr.

Common Name: Barbatimão

Abarema cochliacarpos
Seeds and seedpods
Photograph by: Alex V. Popovkin
Creative commons 3
Abarema cochliacarpos Abarema cochliacarpos Abarema cochliacarpos

General Information

Abarema cochliacarpos is a shrub or small tree that can grow around 8 metres tall.
The bark of the tree is a popular and commonly used medicine in Brazil, where it harvested from the wild for use both as a medicine and a source of materials.
The tree has been classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The bark is toxic in high doses[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Botanical References


Range

S. America - eastern Brazil.

Habitat

Atlantic coastal forest, and on disturbed mato do cipo, savannah or montane savannah, sometimes reaching an elevation of 1,100 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of mainly lowland tropical areas.

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The wood is powdered and used in domestic medicine to treat indolent ulcers[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

The bark is analgesic, antiinflammatory, antiseptic and astringent[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
,
1624
Title
Antinociceptive effects of Abarema cochliacarpos (B.A. Gomes) Barneby & J.w.Grimes (Mimosaceae)
Publication
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 19(1A): 46-50, Jan./Mar. 2009
Author
Silva N.C.B. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
,
1625
Title
Atividade Antibacteriana in vitro do extrato de Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes Contra Bactérias
Publication
Cienc. anim. bras., Goiânia, v.17, n.2, p. 252-259 abr./jun. 2016
Author
Tenório R.F.L. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1590/1089-6891v17i218391
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. A decoction of the bark is often used in Brazil in the treatment of wounds, haemorrhages, haemorrhoids, leucorrhoea, diarrhoea and various other conditions[
1624
Title
Antinociceptive effects of Abarema cochliacarpos (B.A. Gomes) Barneby & J.w.Grimes (Mimosaceae)
Publication
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 19(1A): 46-50, Jan./Mar. 2009
Author
Silva N.C.B. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
,
1625
Title
Atividade Antibacteriana in vitro do extrato de Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes Contra Bactérias
Publication
Cienc. anim. bras., Goiânia, v.17, n.2, p. 252-259 abr./jun. 2016
Author
Tenório R.F.L. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1590/1089-6891v17i218391
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Used externally, it is applied as a wash to treat wounds, haemorrhoids etc, and as drops to treat conjuctivitis[
1625
Title
Atividade Antibacteriana in vitro do extrato de Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes Contra Bactérias
Publication
Cienc. anim. bras., Goiânia, v.17, n.2, p. 252-259 abr./jun. 2016
Author
Tenório R.F.L. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1590/1089-6891v17i218391
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
Some caution is advised in the use of this plant since the bark is toxic at high doses[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

The bark has been shown to be effective as a treatment for gastric ulcers and gastritis, as well as having marked gastro-protective effects and wound healing properties[
706
Title
Abarema cochliacarpos: Gastroprotective and ulcer-healing activities
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology Volume 132, Issue 1, Pages 134-142
Author
da Silva M.S.; de Almeida A.C.A. Et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.08.001
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
A report on the healing properties of Abarema cochliacarpos.
].
An aqueous extract of the bark has been shown to reduce alcohol gastric lesions[
1624
Title
Antinociceptive effects of Abarema cochliacarpos (B.A. Gomes) Barneby & J.w.Grimes (Mimosaceae)
Publication
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 19(1A): 46-50, Jan./Mar. 2009
Author
Silva N.C.B. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
].
A hydroalcoholic extract of the bark has shown antimicrobial activity[
1624
Title
Antinociceptive effects of Abarema cochliacarpos (B.A. Gomes) Barneby & J.w.Grimes (Mimosaceae)
Publication
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 19(1A): 46-50, Jan./Mar. 2009
Author
Silva N.C.B. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
,
1625
Title
Atividade Antibacteriana in vitro do extrato de Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes Contra Bactérias
Publication
Cienc. anim. bras., Goiânia, v.17, n.2, p. 252-259 abr./jun. 2016
Author
Tenório R.F.L. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1590/1089-6891v17i218391
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
Ethanol and water extracts obtained from the bark both possess active substances with marked antinociceptive properties - whilst both were effective, the methanol extract was more effective than the water extract. Such pharmacological effects confirm and justify, at least in part, the popular use of this plant to treat dolorous processes[
1624
Title
Antinociceptive effects of Abarema cochliacarpos (B.A. Gomes) Barneby & J.w.Grimes (Mimosaceae)
Publication
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 19(1A): 46-50, Jan./Mar. 2009
Author
Silva N.C.B. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
]

In this context, the objective was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of the extracts cyclohexanic (ECH), acetonic (EA) and ethanolic (EE) extracts from the bark of Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes against bacteria isolated from cutaneous wounds in dogs.
The assays developed with the cyclohexanic, acetonic and ethanolic extracts of Abarema cochliacarpos bark showed antibacterial activity at concentrations 100,
50
Title
Flora Europaea
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1964
ISBN
-
Description
An immense work in 6 volumes (including the index). The standard reference flora for Europe, it is very terse though and with very little extra information. Not for the casual reader.
,
25
Title
Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Lawson.
Publisher
Faber
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
Fairly comprehensive, it was once the standard work but is now rather dated. Deals with species hardy in Britain, giving cultivation details and some uses.
, 12.5 and 6.25 mg / mL against Gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus intermedius and Bacillus sp[
1625
Title
Atividade Antibacteriana in vitro do extrato de Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes Contra Bactérias
Publication
Cienc. anim. bras., Goiânia, v.17, n.2, p. 252-259 abr./jun. 2016
Author
Tenório R.F.L. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1590/1089-6891v17i218391
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Abarema cochliacarpos has pharmacological potential against Gram-positive bacteria, mainly of the genus Staphylococcus, and can be exploited in future researches to obtain bioactive compounds of antibacterial action[
1625
Title
Atividade Antibacteriana in vitro do extrato de Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes Contra Bactérias
Publication
Cienc. anim. bras., Goiânia, v.17, n.2, p. 252-259 abr./jun. 2016
Author
Tenório R.F.L. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1590/1089-6891v17i218391
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Agroforestry Uses:

This species fixes atmospheric nitrogen and is a natural pioneer, growing in open and disturbed areas and creating conditions suitable for the rowth of forest trees. It is being used in Brazil in the recovery of degraded areas[
1625
Title
Atividade Antibacteriana in vitro do extrato de Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes Contra Bactérias
Publication
Cienc. anim. bras., Goiânia, v.17, n.2, p. 252-259 abr./jun. 2016
Author
Tenório R.F.L. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1590/1089-6891v17i218391
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
],

Other Uses

A gum resembling gum arabic is obtained from the stem[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. Gum arabic, obtained from various Acacia spp, has a variety of uses, including adding lustre to crape and silk, thickening colours, calico printing, manufacturing ink and as a mucilage[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The seedpods are a source of tannins[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

The wood ashes are a good source of potash and can be used for making soap[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

The white wood is excellent for general construction[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-07-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Abarema+cochliacarpos>

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