The species name is sometimes spelled Abarema cochliocarpos[
Inga nandinaefolia DC.
Mimosa cochliocarpos Gomes
Mimosa vago Vell.
Pithecellobium avaremotemo Mart.
Pithecellobium cochliocarpum (Gomes) J.F.Macbr.
Abarema cochliacarpos is a shrub or small tree.
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
The tree has been classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
The bark is toxic in high doses[
S. America - eastern Brazil.
Atlantic coastal forest, and on disturbed mato do cipo, savannah or montane savannah, sometimes reaching an elevation of 1,100 metres[
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A plant of mainly lowland tropical areas.
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The wood is powdered and used in domestic medicine to treat indolent ulcers[
The bark is astringent[
]. It is toxic at high doses[
The bark has been shown to be effective as a treatment for gastric ulcers and gastritis, as well as having marked gastro-protective effects and wound healing properties[
A gum resembling gum arabic is obtained from the stem[
]. Gum arabic, obtained from various Acacia spp, has a variety of uses, including adding lustre to crape and silk, thickening colours, calico printing, manufacturing ink and as a mucilage[
The seedpods are a source of tannins[
The wood ashes are a good source of potash and can be used for making soap[
The white wood is excellent for general construction[
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